International copyright treaties
The Copyright Act protects works of Finnish origin. Works of foreign origin are protected under international treaties. International copyright treaties signed by Finland have been implemented nationally by separate Acts and Decrees.
Administered by the World Intellectual Copyright Organization WIPO, the Berne Convention (1886) on the protection of literary and artistic works is the most important international copyright convention. Under it, works originating in other countries must be given the same protection as domestic works. Finland ratified the Paris Act of the Berne Convention in 1986.
The International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations, or the Rome Convention, is the basic treaty governing neighbouring rights. Protection provided for in the Rome Convention must be given national treatment. It also safeguards certain minimum rights to each right-holder group. Finland ratified the Rome Convention in 1983.
The international copyright system is supplemented by the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT), which were signed in December 1996. These "internet treaties" shaped the system to better meet the demands of the web environment. The Finnish Parliament adopted the treaties in 2005 as concerns their implementation through legislation.
Finland has acceded to the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which constitutes an Annex to the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement. The TRIPS treaty, which took force in 1995, contains regulations governing the enforcement of intellectual property rights, i.e. industrial property rights and copyright.