One of the basic principles of Finnish education is that all people must have equal access to high-quality education and training. The key words in Finnish education policy are quality, efficiency, equity and internationalisation.
In Finland everyone has the right to free basic education, including necessary equipment and text books, school transportation and meals. Post-compulsory education is also free: there are no tuition fees in general and vocational upper secondary education, in universities of applied sciences or in universities. Education is primarily co-financed by the Government and local authorities.
PISA 2015: Finnish youth still at the top despite the drop
15-year-olds ranked in third place among the OECD countries in scientific literacy in PISA 2015 survey. Finnish students were still among the best in reading literacy and mathematical literacy has remained unchanged.
There is a lack of enthusiasm for science, however, and this is reflected in a drop in score points.Read more
Basic education of the future – Let's turn the trend!
Education at a Glance: Long study periods in Finland
The Survey of Adult Skills PIAAC - Basic skills of Finnish adults one of the best in the OECD countries
But there were many whose skills were weak too. The good average scores are largely thanks to the good skills of 20 to 39-year-olds, skills among older age groups are at the OECD average level. Read more
Education system based on trust and responsibility
The Finnish education system has no dead-ends. Learners can always continue their studies on an upper level of education, whatever choices they make in between.
The activities of education providers are guided by objectives laid down in legislation as well as the national core curricula and qualification requirements. The system relies on the proficiency of teachers and other personnel. The ideology is to steer through information, support and fundingEducation system
Education policy in Finland
One of the basic principles of Finnish
education is that all people must have equal access to high-quality education and training. The
same opportunities to education should be available to all citizens irrespective of their ethnic
origin, age, wealth or where they live. Education policy is built on the lifelong learning
The key words in Finnish education policy are quality, efficiency, equity and internationalisation.
Educational autonomy is high at all levels
The national education administration is organised at two levels. Education policy is the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture. A national agency, the Finnish National Board of Education, is responsible for the implementation of the policy aims.
Many matters are decided by the education providers themselves – the local authorities and their consortia. These make the decisions on allocation of funding, local curricula, recruitment of personnel.
Polytechnics and universities enjoy extensive autonomy. They organise their own administration,
decide on student admission and design the contents of degree programmes.
Internationalisation is a central strategic goal for Finnish higher education institutions
The evaluation team finds that internationalisation has been taken as a serious objective in all strategies of the Finnish HEIs. The IDPs are seen as an important instrument for reaching the objectives of institutional internationalisation.